Looking to become more tax efficient this year? Gifting shares of your business to your
spouse is often recommended by small business accountants and tax advisors. This is to
make use of both yours and your partner’s tax-free allowances, and ultimately minimise the tax
on dividends the company pays. This is a great move to be tax efficient, however if you’re looking for
ways to save even more and you also happen to have a mortgage, your accounting firm may
not have told you to consider selling shares instead of gifting them. Here’s what you need to
Firstly, why is joint ownership best?
Instead of owning your business alone, it is widely considered good practice to own it jointly
with your spouse whenever one of you is paying a higher rate of tax than the other. When
you both own shares in the company, you are both entitled to use your tax-free allowances,
dividend nil rate band, and other rate bands, in order to reduce the tax paid on your
company dividends. Owning with your partner is a great way to become more tax efficient.
Should I have made my spouse a shareholder when I formed the company?
If you’re thinking it’s too late to make your spouse a shareholder in your company, it’s
definitely not. Even if your spouse was not made a shareholder in the beginning, HMRC will
still allow you to transfer ordinary shares to them as a gift in order to reduce your tax bill. No
matter how long ago you have incorporated your company, you can still make your spouse
a shareholder at any time.
How does this help reduce my tax bill?
Here’s an example of this tax-saving plan in action:
Joe started his company (Joe Bloggs Ltd.) over ten years ago. It has grown considerably
since then, and is now being valued at around £600,000. Joe Bloggs Ltd. pays Joe £100,000
per year in dividends, of which almost £50,000 is taxed at the higher rate, and naturally, Joe
would like to save on tax wherever possible.
Joe’s wife, Jane, brings in less income, and so Joe’s accountant suggests that he gift half of
the shares of Joe Bloggs Ltd. to Jane, in order to utilise the most of her tax-free allowances
and basic rate band.
So why is it better to sell and not gift the shares?
Here’s where it gets interesting. Typically, tax experts will advise you to gift the shares to
your spouse to save, which is acceptable. However, if you are currently paying off a
mortgage on your home, it may be more tax efficient for you to sell the shares to them at a
reduced rate instead. Selling the shares allows you to structure the transaction in such a way
that you receive tax relief on the interest you pay.
How does this work?
Let’s say Joe and Jane have a mortgage of £200,000 on their home, and the interest they
pay on this loan is around £11,000 each year. Tax relief does not apply to loans used to buy
your home, but it often does when you are buying shares in a company (note: conditions
If Joe sells shares to Jane for a discounted rate (we’ll use £100,000 as an example) instead
of gifting them to her, the loan that Jane takes out to make this purchase will then qualify for
tax relief. They can then use this money to pay back £100,000 of their mortgage.
In doing so, Joe and Jane have effectively switched the £100,000 payment to pay towards
their home mortgage instead of the sale of shares in the company. The interest from the
money that goes towards the sale of shares qualifies for tax relief, meaning the interest paid
is around £5,500 per year, and around £1,100 of this gets knocked off their tax bill.
If you believe you could qualify for tax relief by implementing the plan above, you can
discover the savings you could make in your business by filling in your details on our quick
form at the link below, and we’ll send you a free, simple table to help calculate.
You can also get in touch with our team at Price & Accountants to discuss how we can help
you save on your tax this year. We are committed to helping small businesses in London
and around the UK with their accounting needs, using Xero online accounting software and
our expert team of advisors, all dedicated to helping your business flourish.
For many businesses, business accounting is a real nightmare when it comes to reconciling all your receipts and expenditures. You cannot deny the fact that business accounting is a domain that can capitalise all the advantages extended by the modern computing technology and access all innovative applications in the cloud. So, if you are an entrepreneur and want to streamline all your business accounting process, Xero setup is the best software application solution to resolve all your accounting issues.
This software has accessed high patronage among many businesses, especially in the small business domain in many countries. One of its main attractions of Xero setup lies in its way to address to the bank transactions. Xero has the capability to integrate and download bank information very easily and it is of a great help to you when it comes to reconciliation of varied transactions against your business records.
So, if you are one of those businesses who are worried about the time that you need to spend learning a new solution, Xero set up is well known for its easy on-ramp and comparatively quick setup routines. Once this software is installed, then you can handle varied situations of the claimed expenses, bank balances and access a clear report of the payments you must make.
Moreover, it is easy to reconcile all your accounts, even if have dearth of knowledge about the accounting procedures. Once your information is reconciled through using this software, you can analyze it with varied stock report formats and print out something as per your own requirements.
Another area in the business process that calls for the services of expert Tax advisor London is filing your tax returns that can review all your tax documents carefully before it is filed. Most people lack the required knowledge in doing their tax filing exercise and that is where tax preparation services come into the picture. Using a tax preparation service from a professional Tax advisor London is the ideal option to get all your tax filing job in a hassle-free manner, especially if you have more complicated tax returns to be filed. The tax preparation service offered by these experts keep abreast of all the developments in taxes domain so that they can deal efficiently with any issues.
Moreover, these tax preparation specialists are licensed by the federal government and more importantly, they can also represent you, in case there is a problem with your tax return. It is the ideal choice for filing intricate tax returns. All tax preparation professionals should be able to offer references for you to check. From these references, you can confirm the speed of response that are bestowed to their past clients.
Limited companies filing deadlines.
Limited companies have filing deadlines for accounts and tax returns.
Penalties (for private limited companies) for late filing with HMRC are summarised below:
- First accounts with Companies House 21 months after date incorporated
- Annual accounts with Companies House 9 months after year end date
- File company tax return with HMRC 12 months after end of accounting
- Pay Corporation Tax or 9 months and 1 day after Corporation
- Tell HMRC that no corp tax is payable Tax accounting period ends
The penalties (for private limited companies) for late filing of limited company accounts with Companies House are summarised as follows:
TIME AFTER DEADLINE PENALTY
- Up to 1 month £150
- 1 to 3 months £375
- 3 to 6 months £750
- More than six months £1,500
The penalty is doubled if annual accounts are late two years in a row.
Limited companies are required to file a confirmation statement (previously an annual return) with Companies House once a year. The company should receive an email alert or a reminder letter when the confirmation statement is due. The due date is usually a year after either:
- the date the company was incorporated
- the date the company filed its previous annual return of confirmation statement.
The company can file the confirmation statement up to 14 days after the due date, with no penalty.
It can be very difficult for a small business owner to understand several deadlines, Price & Accountants can help you to understand of these deadlines. Feel free to book an appointment with us today by completing contact us form or email: email@example.com or call 020 3735 5119
What is the big picture?
- Economic Forecast
Brexit, most challenging time for small businesses in UK right now, uncertainty is not good for our economy which can also affect small businesses in short and long term. However it will also bring opportunities for smaller businesses therefore get ready.
Government is ready to invest into the Technology, there is £2.5 billion Investment Fund for innovative SMEs. There is also an Investment incentive available for artificial intelligence.
The big headline: Stamp Duty Limits
Up to £125,000: Current Standard rate 0% Rate for first-time buyers 0%
Over £125,000 and up to £250,000 Current Standard rate 2% Rate for first-time buyers 0%
Over £250,000 and up to £300,000 Current Standard rate 5% Rate for first-time buyers 0%
Over £300,000 and up to £500,000 Current Standard rate 5% Rate for first-time buyers 5%
- You will not pay Stamp duty on the first £300,000 on property purchase (first time buyer)
- Between £300,001 and £500,000 the standard 5% will apply
- If your property is over £500,000 this exemption will not apply and will pay standard rates
Personal Tax and National Insurance overview
Personal allowance £11,500 (Now) £11,850 (Next Year)
Basic rate threshold £33,500 (Now) £34,500 (Next Year)
Tax free dividend £5,000 (Now) £2,000 (Next Year)
Dividend Tax! basic rate will be increased to £34,500 which will be taxed at 7.50% savings of £189 (including savings from personal allowances) in the next financial year compared to current year. There would be an additional tax on reduced tax free dividend which will result to an increase in dividend tax of £225. Overall there are no satisfactory tax saving for small business owners in 2018/2019.
Corporation Tax overview
- Main rate of corporation tax remains at 19%, falling to 17% from 1 April 2020
- Freezing of corporate indexation allowance from 1 January 2018
- R&D tax credit increased from 11% to 12%
UK will be very competitive jurisdiction when corporation tax is reduced to 17% (from 2020). Good news for R&D.
Finance for long-term innovation
New £2.5 billion Investment Fund for innovative scale-up SMEs
Double annual allowance for EIS investments in knowledge-intensive companies
- £220 million new Clean Air Fund for local authorities in England
- Vehicle Excise Duty (VED) supplement for new diesel cars from 1st April 2018
- Rise in Company Car Tax diesel supplement from 3% to 4%
- No benefit-in-kind charge for electric vehicles for employees
- Freeze on fuel duty