Every startup needs working capital to grow, and there are several ways to get this… but which one is the best? As the founder or owner, you could provide capital by purchasing more shares or by simply lending your company the cash. This could offer a more speedy return on your investment, and make you more tax efficient at the same time.
Is funding by buying shares not advisable?
Many people buy shares in order to provide more capital, and while there is nothing wrong with this, depending on your situation there may be other, more beneficial ways. One of the biggest disadvantages of buying shares is that you may need to wait a while for any Return on Investment (ROI). Your company can pay you dividends but only when it is making a profit and in the case a new startup business, it may take a while. There’s also no guarantee that you’ll see a return on your investment at all.
What’s so great about funding by loaning capital?
If you’re looking for a faster ROI as many founders, then lending your company the money could be the way to go forward. Providing a loan means that you can be paid interest straight away, plus loans are generally more flexible than being paid dividends as you can receive some or all of your money back without being required to cancel share capital, which could significantly affect your tax. This leaves you with more control of your money, which as an investor, feels much safer.
How can being married help?
If you happen to be married or in a civil partnership, then lending to your company could bring you even better tax advantages, so it’s worth exploring this avenue fully.
These tax advantages also work if you are unmarried with a “significant other”, however as a general rule, it’s much easier if you have combined finances through a lawful marriage or civil partnership.
This arrangement can help you save on tax if your partner pays a lower rate of tax than you do, as they can lend you money and charge you interest. You then lend the money to your company and charge the company a similar interest rate.
How does this work?
Doing things this way requires that a) the interest is taxable, and b) any interest paid on qualifying loans that are used for company funds, the purchasing of equipment, or for working capital for a trading company are tax deductible.
Here’s an example that breaks this process down:
Joe is a director, shareholder and higher rate taxpayer of the Joe Bloggs Ltd., and the business requires some new equipment. Joe’s wife Jane is a basic tax payer, and so she makes an interest-free loan of £100,000 to Joe, who then lends this to his company Joe Bloggs Ltd., charging interest at 7% per annum.
Joe is liable for tax of £2,800 (£7,000 x 40%) on the interest he receives from Joe Bloggs Ltd. Joe doesn’t pay Jane any interest which means there is no tax relief for him to claim (though the loan to Joe Bloggs Ltd. does qualify).
Alternatively, if Jane decides to charge Joe the same rate that he charges Joe Bloggs Ltd. (7%) instead of an interest-free loan, then the interest Joe pays Jane will be tax deductible. This means the taxable interest (£7,000) he is paid by Joe Bloggs Ltd. equals the tax deductible interest he must pay to Jane. One cancels out the other, and instead of paying £2,800 in tax, Joe pays nothing.
Jane’s loan to Joe isn’t a qualifying loan, so she will have to pay tax on the interest she receives from him. Luckily, as Jane is a basic rate taxpayer, her bill is £1,400, meaning a tax saving of up to £1,400, and possibly much less depending on Jane’s other sources of income. As mentioned earlier, the advantage of doing things this way means that even if Joe Bloggs Ltd. is not making a profit at the moment, it can still pay Joe a return on his loan. This is often the best and most tax efficient way for company founders to provide capital to their business.
Want to find out more about how this could help make you more tax efficient? Get in touch with our team at Price & Accountants to discuss how we can help. We are committed to helping small businesses in London and around the UK with their accounting needs, using Xero online accounting software and our expert team of advisors, all dedicated to helping your business flourish.
If you have recently sold a residential property, you will likely have made a healthy capital gain and discovered that special higher tax rates apply to this. There may be a way to defer paying this tax and reduce it overall. Here’s how:
EIS tax reliefs
Investing in a company which qualifies for EIS (Enterprise Investment Scheme) tends to offer a few tax advantages, such as up-front income tax relief, capital gains tax (CGT) free growth on the investment and capital gains tax deferral relief.
CGT deferral relief means you can defer the taxation of any capital gain you made in the previous year or the three years following your EIS investment. When this happens, the gain becomes taxable only when you sell or transfer your EIS investment.
Let’s look at an example to demonstrate this process:
Joe makes capital gains of £100,000 in 2018/19, and makes a qualifying investment of the same amount in an EIS company. He claims CGT deferral relief, meaning he is not required to pay the capital gains tax that would be due on 31st January 2020. Joe then sells his EIS shares in 2025/26, triggering a tax charge on an amount that is equal in value to the deferred gain taxable for that year.
How does this work for residential property gains?
If you have recently sold a residential property, then you will know that the rules explaining how the deferred gain will be taxed are worded in a very specific way, and you can make the most of this by doing research and using the rules to your advantage.
As of April 2016, rates of tax on capital gains are 10%, as long as your income combined with the gains comes to no more than the income tax basic rate band. If they exceed this, they are then taxed at 20%. However, when the gain concerns residential property (such as houses, flats, apartments, land intent for building, and so on) the rates are 18% and 28% respectively.
How does EIS deferral relief help you be more tax efficient?
By using EIS deferral relief, you can change the nature of a residential property gain to a non-residential one, and therefore benefit from the lower, normal CGT rates of 10% and 20%. You’re probably wondering why more people don’t do this? Though this tax-saving arrangement is entirely legitimate, HMRC discourages it by making the rules hard to get around (but not impossible).
How do you overcome HMRC guidelines?
It’s difficult to find information that helps you navigate HMRC guidelines, especially since there are a lot of varying answers online. Some sites will indicate that the previously deferred gain is only liable for CGT at 10% or 20%, and others (more in line with HMRC guidelines) will tell you that the deferred gain retains its original status as a residential property gain. Understanding the legislation is the key to making this distinction, and this is something that Price & Accountants can assist you with.
HMRC guidelines in layman’s terms
In the Schedule 5B Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992, you will find the EIS deferral relief rules explained in full. This states that the revived gain is “equal to so much of the deferred gain” in proportion to the amount of EIS investment sold.
Here’s a simple example of this to break it down further:
Joe sold 50% of his EIS investment in 2025/26, so the capital gain taxable is an amount “equal to” the same proportion, i.e. 50% of the original gain. As is often the case, minor, seemingly insignificant wording details in tax legislation can completely alter a tax bill. In the case of the EIS deferral relief rules, an EIS investment could potentially reduce your tax rate by almost half, which is an amazing saving.
When must this be paid?
By making an investment in an EIS company, you make it possible to defer when tax is payable on the gain, and you will only pay this when you sell or transfer the investment. Although HMRC rules disagree, most tax experts will advise you that the gain changes its nature because of the deferral and so special higher rates of tax no longer apply, helping you be significantly more tax efficient.
If you want to find out more about how your residential property sale could be more tax efficient than you think, get in touch with our team at Price & Accountants. We are committed to helping small businesses in London and around the UK with their accounting needs, using Xero online accounting software and our expert team of advisors, all dedicated to helping your business flourish.
At Price & Accountants, we have worked to overhaul and streamline the financial direction of many SMEs, and over many years of experience we have identified key mistakes that affect businesses more than they realise. This could have a negative impact further down the line on their businesses. Here are the key things that could be preventing your performance:
1. Lack of planning and analysis
Without a strategy in place and a method of analysing what you have done in the past, you are essentially planning to fail. Having a plan for your financial operations and goals is crucial in order to achieve them, and to avoid later complications.
2. Relying solely on year-end accounts
Many businesses use their year-end accounts only to analyse the historic data, however this can also be one of the most beneficial insights into your business, not only telling you what has occurred, but what you need to do next.
3. Oblivious to the metrics in the business
Most businesses we have come across do not know or understand key metrics within their organisation, such as KPIs and ratios. Understanding how to use these information could be vital to your future success.
4. Lack of a cash flow model
Not having or utilising a cash flow model is one of the biggest mistakes we see SMEs make. If you are experiencing cash flow problems (or think that you could be, but are not sure) then we urge you not only to make this a priority, but to reach out to us for a free consultation.
5. Avoiding cloud-based accounting
This is by far the most efficient way to manage your finances, and without it you are undoubtedly wasting time and money, and will often be left searching for answers.
6. Lack of customer analysis
Knowing your target customer and the key financials surrounding their interactions with your business, is not only advised, but could be the difference between your success or failure further down the line.
7. Poor financial productivity
Productivity and performance improvement applies not only to the everyday running of your business, but is also highly relevant to your financial goals. Many businesses waste money on poor productivity and low performance, and this is an area we have helped many clients refine and streamline.
If you feel that your business is suffering from any of the above, feel free to reach out to Price & Accountants for a free coffee and consultation on how we can help:
Call 020 3735 5119
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Looking to become more tax efficient this year? Gifting shares of your business to your
spouse is often recommended by small business accountants and tax advisors. This is to
make use of both yours and your partner’s tax-free allowances, and ultimately minimise the tax
on dividends the company pays. This is a great move to be tax efficient, however if you’re looking for
ways to save even more and you also happen to have a mortgage, your accounting firm may
not have told you to consider selling shares instead of gifting them. Here’s what you need to
Firstly, why is joint ownership best?
Instead of owning your business alone, it is widely considered good practice to own it jointly
with your spouse whenever one of you is paying a higher rate of tax than the other. When
you both own shares in the company, you are both entitled to use your tax-free allowances,
dividend nil rate band, and other rate bands, in order to reduce the tax paid on your
company dividends. Owning with your partner is a great way to become more tax efficient.
Should I have made my spouse a shareholder when I formed the company?
If you’re thinking it’s too late to make your spouse a shareholder in your company, it’s
definitely not. Even if your spouse was not made a shareholder in the beginning, HMRC will
still allow you to transfer ordinary shares to them as a gift in order to reduce your tax bill. No
matter how long ago you have incorporated your company, you can still make your spouse
a shareholder at any time.
How does this help reduce my tax bill?
Here’s an example of this tax-saving plan in action:
Joe started his company (Joe Bloggs Ltd.) over ten years ago. It has grown considerably
since then, and is now being valued at around £600,000. Joe Bloggs Ltd. pays Joe £100,000
per year in dividends, of which almost £50,000 is taxed at the higher rate, and naturally, Joe
would like to save on tax wherever possible.
Joe’s wife, Jane, brings in less income, and so Joe’s accountant suggests that he gift half of
the shares of Joe Bloggs Ltd. to Jane, in order to utilise the most of her tax-free allowances
and basic rate band.
So why is it better to sell and not gift the shares?
Here’s where it gets interesting. Typically, tax experts will advise you to gift the shares to
your spouse to save, which is acceptable. However, if you are currently paying off a
mortgage on your home, it may be more tax efficient for you to sell the shares to them at a
reduced rate instead. Selling the shares allows you to structure the transaction in such a way
that you receive tax relief on the interest you pay.
How does this work?
Let’s say Joe and Jane have a mortgage of £200,000 on their home, and the interest they
pay on this loan is around £11,000 each year. Tax relief does not apply to loans used to buy
your home, but it often does when you are buying shares in a company (note: conditions
If Joe sells shares to Jane for a discounted rate (we’ll use £100,000 as an example) instead
of gifting them to her, the loan that Jane takes out to make this purchase will then qualify for
tax relief. They can then use this money to pay back £100,000 of their mortgage.
In doing so, Joe and Jane have effectively switched the £100,000 payment to pay towards
their home mortgage instead of the sale of shares in the company. The interest from the
money that goes towards the sale of shares qualifies for tax relief, meaning the interest paid
is around £5,500 per year, and around £1,100 of this gets knocked off their tax bill.
If you believe you could qualify for tax relief by implementing the plan above, you can
discover the savings you could make in your business by filling in your details on our quick
form at the link below, and we’ll send you a free, simple table to help calculate.
You can also get in touch by emailing us to email@example.com or call us 020 3735 5119 at Price & Accountants to discuss how we can help you save on your tax this year. We are committed to helping small businesses in London and around the UK with their accounting needs, using Xero online accounting software and our expert team of advisors, all dedicated to helping your business flourish.